In 1974, Congress enacted the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) to guarantee students access to their educational records and to prohibit dissemination of educational records without the student's consent.
Educational records must not be released, except to authorized individuals, without written consent from the student. The general exception is directory information. FERPA allows individual colleges/universities to specify what is considered directory information on their campuses. The link above provides a listing of what the University of Iowa considers directory information.
The link above includes everything Faculty and Staff need to know regarding FERPA and Academic Access. This page includes FERPA training access, frequently asked questions and scenarios, and information about certification.
This page provides information on student record access rights as it pertains to students and their parents.
The Student Record Policy states student's general FERPA right. The policy is administered by the Dean of Students.